Chapter 1: The Solid State

General Characteristics of Solid State

  • Amorphous and Crystalline Solids
  • Classification of Crystalline Solids [Video by Suresh Kumar Dod , PGT (Chemistry), KV Panna] [Notea by Suresh Kumar Dod, PGT (Chemistry), KV Panna
    • Molecular Solids
    • Ionic Solids
    • Metallic Solids
    • Covalent or Network Solids
  • Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells
    • Primitive and Centred Unit Cells
  • Number of Atoms in a Unit Cell [Video by Ravi Shankar Yadav,PGT chemistry KV No 1 Sagar]
    • Primitive Cubic Unit Cell
    • Body-Centred Cubic Unit Cell
    • Face-Centred Cubic Unit Cell
  • Close-Packed Structures
    • The formula of a Compound and Number of Voids Filled
  • Packing Efficiency
    • Packing Efficiency in HCP and CCP Structures
    • The efficiency of Packing in Body-Centred Cubic Structures
    • Packing Efficiency in Simple Cubic Lattice
  • Calculations Involving Unit Cell Dimensions
  • Imperfections in Solids
    • Types of Point Defects
    • Electrical Properties
    • Conduction of Electricity in Metals
    • Conduction of Electricity in Semiconductors
    • Magnetic Properties

Chapter 2 Solutions

  • Types of Solutions
  • Expressing Concentration of Solutions
  • Solubility
    • The solubility of a Solid in a Liquid
    • The solubility of a Gas in a Liquid
  • Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions
    • Vapour Pressure of Liquid-Liquid Solutions
    • Raoult’s Law as a special case of Henry’s Law
    • Vapour Pressure of Solutions of Solids in Liquids
  • Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions
    • Ideal Solutions
    • Non-ideal Solutions
  • Colligative Properties and Determination of Molar Mass
    • Relative Lowering of Vapour Pressure
    • Elevation of Boiling Point
    • Depression of Freezing Point
    • Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure
  • Abnormal Molar Masses

Chapter 3 Electrochemistry

  • Electrochemical Cells
  • Galvanic Cells
    • Measurement of Electrode Potential
  • Nernst Equation
    • Equilibrium Constant from Nernst Equation
    • Electrochemical Cell and Gibbs Energy of Reaction
  • The conductance of Electrolytic Solutions
    • Measurement of the Conductivity of Ionic Solutions
    • Variation of Conductivity and Molar Conductivity with Concentration
  • Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis
    • Products of Electrolysis
  • Batteries
    • Primary Batteries
    • Secondary Batteries
  • Fuel Cells
  • Corrosion

Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics

  • The rate of a Chemical Reaction
  • Factors Influencing the Rate of a Reaction
    • Dependence of Rate on Concentration
    • Rate Expression and Rate Constant
    • Order of a Reaction
    • Molecularity of a Reaction
  • Integrated Rate Equations
    • Zero Order Reactions
    • First-Order Reactions
    • Half-Life of a Reaction
  • Pseudo First Order Reaction
  • Temperature Dependence of the Rate of a Reaction
    • Effect of Catalyst – Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions.

Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption
    • The distinction between Adsorption and Absorption
    • Mechanism of Adsorption
    • Types of Adsorption
    • Adsorption Isotherms
    • Adsorption from Solution Phase
    • Applications of Adsorption
  • Catalysis
    • Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis
    • Adsorption Theory of Heterogeneous Catalysis
    • Shape-Selective Catalysis by Zeolites
    • Enzyme Catalysis
    • Catalysts in Industry
  • Colloids
  • Classification of Colloids
    • Classification Based on the Physical State of Dispersed Phase and Dispersion Medium
    • Classification Based on the Nature of Interaction between Dispersed Phase and Dispersion Medium
    • Classification Based on the Type of Particles of the Dispersed Phase, Multimolecular, Macromolecular, and Associated Colloids
    • Preparation of Colloids
    • Purification of Colloidal Solutions
    • Properties of Colloidal Solutions
  • Emulsions
  • Colloids around Us.

Chapter 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Occurrence of Metals
  • Concentration of Ores
  • Extraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated Ore
  • Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy
  • Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Refining
  • Uses of Aluminium, Copper, Zinc, and Iron.

Chapter 7 p Block Elements

  • Group 15 Elements
  • Dinitrogen
  • Ammonia
  • Oxides of Nitrogen
  • Nitric Acid
  • Phosphorus — Allotropic Forms
  • Phosphine
  • Phosphorus Halides
  • Oxoacids of Phosphorus
  • Group 16 Elements
  • Dioxygen
  • Simple Oxides
  • Ozone
  • Sulphur — Allotropic Forms
  • Sulphur Dioxide
  • Oxoacids of Sulphur
  • Sulphuric Acid
  • Group 17 Elements
  • Chlorine
  • Hydrogen Chloride
  • Oxoacids of Halogens
  • Interhalogen Compounds
  • Group 18 Elements

Chapter 8 d and f Block Elements

  • Position in the Periodic Table
  • Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements
  • General Properties of the Transition Elements (d-Block)
  • Some Important Compounds of Transition Elements
  • The Lanthanoids
  • The Actinoids
  • Some Applications of d- and f-Block Elements

Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds

  • Werner’s Theory of Coordination Compounds
  • Definitions of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination Compounds
  • Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
  • Isomerism in Coordination Compounds [PPT by SEEMA TAMRAKAR, KV 2 Rewa]
  • Bonding in Coordination Compounds
  • Bonding in Metal Carbonyls
  • Stability of Coordination Compounds
  • Importance and Applications of Coordination Compounds.

Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Classification
  • Nomenclature
  • Nature of C-X Bond
  • Methods of Preparation
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Polyhalogen Compounds

Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Classification
  • Nomenclature
  • Structures of Functional groups
  • Alcohols and phenols
  • Some Commercially Important alcohols
  • Ethers

Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group
  • Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones
  • Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group
  • Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Uses of Carboxylic Acids.

Chapter 13 Amines

  • Structure of Amines
  • Classification
  • Nomenclature
  • Preparation of Amines
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Methods of preparation of Diazonium Salts
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical reactions
  • Importance of Diazonium salts in Synthesis of aromatic Compounds

Chapter 14 Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Enzymes
  • Vitamins
  • Nucleic Acids
  • Hormones

Chapter 15 Polymers

  • Classification of Polymers
  • Types of Polymerisation Reactions
  • Molecular Mass of Polymers
  • Biodegradable Polymers
  • Polymers of Commercial Importance

Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Drugs and their Classification
  • Drug-Target Interaction
  • Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs
  • Chemicals in Food
  • Cleansing Agents