HISTORY

  • Chapter 1 – WHAT, WHERE, HOW AND WHEN?
    • -Finding out what happened
    • – What can we know about the past?
    • – Where did people live ?
    • -Names of the land
    • – Finding out about the past
    • – One past or many?
    • – What do dates mean?
  • Chapter 2 – ON THE TRAIL OF THE EARLIEST PEOPLE
    • – The earliest people: why were they on the move?
    • – How do we know about these people?
    • – Choosing a place to live in
    • – Finding out about fire
    • – A changing environment
    • – The beginning of farming and herding
    • – Towards a settled life
  • Chapter 3 – FROM GATHERING TO GROWING FOOD
    • -Varieties of foods
    • -The beginnings of farming and herding
    • -A new way of life
    • -‘Storing’ animals
    • -Finding out about the first farmers and herders
    • -Towards a settled life
    • – A closer look — Living and dying in Mehargarh
    • -A closer look — (b) Daojali Hading
  • Chapter 4 – IN THE EARLIEST CITIES
    • – The story of Harappa
    • – What was special about these cities?
    • -houses, drains and streets
    • – Life in the city
    • – New crafts in the city
    • – Food for people in the cities
    • – A closer look — Harappan towns in Gujarat
    • -The mystery of the end
  • Chapter 5 – WHAT BOOKS AND BURIALS TELL US
    • -One of the oldest books in the world
    • -How historians study the Rigveda
    • -Cattle, horses and chariots
    • -Words to describe people
    • -Silent sentinels—the story of the megaliths
    • -Finding out about social differences
    • -A special burial at Inamgaon
    • -Occupations at Inamgaon
  • Chapter 6 – KINGDOMS, KINGS AND AN EARLY REPUBLIC
    • -How some men became rulers
    • -Janapadas
    • -Mahajanapadas
    • -Taxes
    • -Changes in agriculture
    • -A closer look — (a) Magadha
    • -A closer look — (b) Vajji
  • Chapter 7 – NEW QUESTIONS AND IDEAS
    • -The story of the Buddha
    • -Upanishads
    • -Jainism
    • -The sangha
    • -Monasteries
  • Chapter 8 – ASHOKA, THE EMPEROR WHO GAVE UP WAR
    • -A very big kingdom = an empire
    • -Ruling the empire
    • -Ashoka, a unique ruler
    • -Ashoka’s war in Kalinga
    • -What was Ashoka’s dhamma?
  • Chapter 9 – VITAL VILLAGES, THRIVING TOWNS
    • -Iron tools and agriculture
    • -Other steps to increase pr ease production: irrigation
    • -Who lived in the villages?
    • -Coins
    • -Cities with many functions y function
    • – crafts and crafts persons
    • -A closer look — Arikamedu
  • Chapter 10 – TRADERS, KINGS AND PILGRIMS
    • -How to find out about trade and traders
    • -New kingdoms along the coasts
    • -The story of the Silk Route
    • -The spread of Buddhism
    • -The quest of the pilgrims
    • -The beginning of Bhakti
  • Chapter 11 – NEW EMPIRES AND KINGDOM
    • -Prashastis and what they tell us
    • -Samudragupta’s prashasti
    • -Genealogies
    • -Harshavardhana and the Harshacharita
    • -The Pallavas, Chalukyas and Pulakeshin’s prashasti
    • -How were these kingdoms administered?
    • -A new kind of army
    • -Ordinary people in the kingdoms
  • Chapter 12 – BUILDINGS, PAINTINGS AND BOOKS
    • -The iron pillar
    • -Buildings in brick and stone
    • -How were stupas and temples built?
    • -Painting
    • -The world of books
    • -Recording and preserving old stories

Geography

  • Chapter 1 – The Earth in the Solar System
    • -Soalr system
    • -Sun
    • – Moon
    • -Earth
  • Chapter 2 – Globe : Latitudes and Longitude
    • -Globe
    • – Latitude
    • -Longitude
    • -Heat zones on the earth
    • – Longitude and time
    • -Standard time
  • Chapter 3 – Motions of the Earth
    • -Rotation
    • -Revolution
    • -Solstice
    • -Seasons
  • Chapter 4 – Map -Types of maps
    • – Distance
    • -Direction
    • -Symbols
  • Chapter 5 – Major Domains of the Earth
    • -Lithosphere
    • -Hydrosphere
    • -Atmosphere
    • -Biosphere
  • Chapter 6 – Major Landforms of the Earth
    • -Mountains
    • -plains
    • -Pleatue
    • -Valley
  • Chapter 7 – Our Country-India
    • -Extension of India
    • -Neighbour countries of India
    • -Physical and administrative division of India
  • Chapter 8 – India : Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife
    • -Weather and climate
    • -Vegetation types in India
    • -Wildlife of india

CIVICS

  • Chapter 1 – Understanding Diversity
    • -Diversity in India
    • -Factor influencing diversity
    • -Ladakh
    • -Kerala
    • -Unity in diversity
    • -Diversity
    • -Inequality
    • -Habitat
    • -Resources
  • Chapter 2 – Diversity and Discrimination
    • -Differences and prejudice
    • -Stereotypes
    • -Caste
    • -Mahar
    • – The constitution
    • – The Preamble
  • Chapter 3 – What is Governmen
    • -Government
    • -Levels of government
    • -Laws and government
    • -Types of government
    • -Monarchy and democracy
    • -Election
    • -Universal adult franchise
  • Chapter 4 – Key Elements of a Democratic Government
    • -Role of the people
    • -election
    • -social movement
    • -Recognition to minority
    • -Role of the government
    • – equality and Justice
    • -Apartheid and race
    • -Conflict and resolution
  • Chapter 5 – Panchayati Raj
    • -Gram Panchayat
    • -Panchayat samiti
    • -Gram Sabha
    • -Sarpanch
    • – Panchayati Raj system
  • Chapter 6 – Rural Administration
    • -Quarrel in the village
    • – Gram Sabha
    • -work at the police station
    • -Revenue department
    • -local administration
    • -Hindu Succession amendment act
    • – police station
    • -Tehsildar
  • Chapter 7 – Urban Administration
    • -Ward councillor
    • -administrative staff
    • -Municipal council
    • – municipal corporation
    • -Community protest
    • -Municipality
  • Chapter 8 – Rural Livelihood
    • -Different occupation
    • -Shops
    • -life of the women farmer
    • -Being in debt
    • -farmer
    • -rural livelihood
    • -Pudupet
    • -Pesticides
    • -Migration
    • Terrace farming
  • Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihood
    • -Vendors and government measures
    • -Market
    • – Business person
    • -Showrooms
    • – Shops in the market place
    • – Factory workshop area
    • -Marketing manager
    • -labour chouk
    • -Hawker
    • – call centre